Ophthalmoscopy is a test performed by a doctor to examine the back and in the eye (fundus), including optical discs, retina, and blood vessels. Ophthalmoscopy or fundoscopy, can detect many serious diseases in the early stages with a high degree of accuracy.
Besides belonging to the inside eye examination routine, the doctor can do ophthalmoscopy when the patient has certain conditions that can affect the blood vessels of the eye.
Detectable Conditions Oftalmoskopi
In ophthalmoscopy examination, the doctor uses ophthalmoscope and light to see the inside of the eye. Ophthalmoscope is a tool that resembles a flashlight with a small lens that can show the inside of the eyeball.
Generally ophthalmoscopy can play a role to detect:
- Eye disorders caused by systemic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension
- Tearing on the retina
- Damage to the optic nerve
- Loss of vision in the middle or macular degeneration
- Skin cancer that spreads to the eyes or melanoma
- Infections of the retina or cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMV)
Optamoscopy can also detect possible causes of symptoms from headaches. Or also some other types of diseases such as brain tumor or head injury.
Ophthalmoscopic Inspection Procedure
Oftamoscopy can be done in several ways. The first way is direct ophthalmoscopy. The doctor or medical officer directs a beam of light to the pupil using an ophthalmoscope as the patient sits in a dark room.
The second way is indirect ophthalmoscopy. Doctor or medical officer when the patient directs a bright light into the eye, with the patient lying down or half lying down. Patients will be asked to look in different directions. Sometimes some pressure is required with a special small tool on the eye. The average current eye examination uses the indirect ophthalmoscopy method.
Last is the ophthalmoscopy slit lamp . The patient is asked to sit in front of a special examination device. The patient will then be asked to place the chin and forehead on the device to stabilize the patient’s position. The doctor will then use a small lens and a microscope on the examiner tool that is close to the eye.
Possible Side Effects of Drop Drugs
No need for special preparation before the ophthalmoscopy examination. Doctors will generally apply special drops to open the pupils so they are easier to examine. Then it takes about 15-20 minutes for the pupils to open perfectly.
However, the drops may have side effects. As the eyes look blurry. In addition, the eyes will be more sensitive to light for several hours. Therefore patients should not drive alone when they go home.
Occasionally, eye drops used in ophthalmoscopy can cause allergies, headaches, nausea and vomiting, dry mouth, and glaucoma. But this case is very rare. Call your doctor immediately if you experience any of the above symptoms or vision problems after the examination.
You also need to inform if any family member has a history of glaucoma, taking certain medications that may interact with eye drops, or have a history of allergies with eye drops. Eye drops may also not be applied to people who have a family with a history of glaucoma. In addition, this examination can not be undertaken by those who have experienced such eye disorders cataract , pupils that can not widen, or people who are difficult to maintain the position of the head when the examination.
Ultimately, ophthalmoscopic results are said to be abnormal if conditions such as glaucoma, inflammation of the retina, eye melanoma, macular degeneration, and optic nerve disorders are present. If any of these conditions are found, ophthalmologist will perform follow-up checks if necessary and provide treatment.